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The EuropeanAI Newsletter
Covering Artificial Intelligence in Europe

Welcome to the EuropeanAI Newsletter covering the European AI and technology ecosystem. If you want to catch up on the archives, they're available here.

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This year’s German AI prizewent to several groups this newsletter has mentioned previously such as Aleph Alpha, ELLIS and CLAIRE.

The European Data Protection superv
isor is apparently gathering privacy regulation experts to explore how the GDPR might be improved. A corresponding position paper of MEP Axel Voss can be found here.

The European Economic and Social Committee published their Opinion on the AI Act. This includes a prohibition of social scoring, a recommendation for making third party conformity assessment the rule for all high-risk AI systems and the establishment of a redress and complaint mechanism for those who have suffered harm.

Eurobarometer has published the results of a new survey on ‘European citizens’ knowledge and attitudes towards science and technology’. They show that the majority (86%) of EU citizens believe that the ‘overall influence of science and technology is positive’, with 61% of respondents expecting artificial intelligence to have a ‘positive effect on our way of life in the next 20 years’. However, the results also highlight several difficulties to overcome, including 57% of respondents believing that ‘technology mostly helps the lives of those who are already better off, in addition to concerns around meeting differences between men’s and women’s needs, and the EU researchers’ position against China, the US and Japan.

South Korea’s Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy has announced that they will be holding talks with Italy on Tuesday (5th October) to explore 
bilateral cooperation in energy and industry. The two nations are reported to have plans to collaborate on a number of research projects, including AI, green mobility and hydrogen technologies.

Policy, Strategy and Regulation

U.S. - EU Joint Statement

The White House has published a joint statement on U.S.-EU Trade and Technology Council’s inaugural meeting. The statement includes an annex (Annex III) on AI, which states a shared understanding that AI has the potential to provide substantial benefits, but that risks are associated with them if they are not “developed and deployed responsibly or if they are misused”, alongside a shared ‘willingness and intention’ to develop and deploy trustworthy AI and take a human-centred approach. They state a commitment to work together to “foster responsible stewardship of trustworthy AI that reflects our shared values and commitment to protecting the rights and dignity of all our citizens”.

Notes in the Margins: In light of the ongoing work on the
AI Act at EU-level and recent U.S. S.1849 Leadership in Global Tech Standards Act of 2021, the work of the TTC might well serve to underline existing commonalities between the U.S. and the EU with regards to AI governance and potentially serve to strengthen a common approach globally.

Cost of AI Act challenged

The Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS) has published an article challenging the much cited recent CDI report ‘How Much Will the Artificial Intelligence Act Cost Europe?’ which is itself based on a study conducted by CEPS, the ICF and Wavestone.

In the article CEPS claims that the CDI’s ‘cost extrapolation is factually incorrect’. The CDI stated the AI Act will cost the European economy over €30 billion by 2025, based on an additional 17% overhead ‘on all AI spending’. CEPS challenges this claim as it applies too broad a definition to high-risk AI systems and does not take into account pre-existing BAU practices (i.e. Quality Management Systems) that some organisations already carry out and that would support compliance. With regards to high-risk AI systems, CDI seems to have considered entire sectors to be high-risk, which is different to the AI Act’s description of only specific applications of AI in those sectors constituting a high-risk AI system.

 

Ecosystem

AI Decolonial Manyfesto

A manifesto ('AI Decolonial Manyfesto') has been published outlining the desire and need to embark on a future of AI that is decolonial. Summarising won’t do it justice so read/sign here.

Do we need a Chief AI Ethics Officer?

​​The World Economic Forum (WEF) has published an article promoting the value of companies hiring a chief AI ethics officer (CAIEO). The CAIEO would be primarily responsible for embedding AI ethics principles in the organisation’s operations and would create accountability frameworks for the organisation’s senior management to mitigate unintended risks. To achieve this, the CAIEO needs a multi-disciplinary knowledge, covering “technical AI knowledge and perception, ethical considerations, social science and technology law familiarity” and business strategy capability. In addition, the WEF’s Global Future Council has published A Holistic Guide to Approaching AI Fairness Education in Organisations’ which includes advice on how to train a CAIEO. 
 

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Contact Charlotte Stix at:
www.charlottestix.com
@charlotte_stix


Ben Gilburt  co-wrote this edition.
Interesting events, numbers or policy developments that should be included? Send an email!

Disclaimer: this newsletter is personal opinion only and does not represent the opinion of any organisation.

Copyright © Charlotte Stix, All rights reserved.
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