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EuropeanAI Newsletter
Covering the Artificial Intelligence ecosystem in Europe.

Policy, Strategy and Regulation

AI Forum 2018
During the 8-9th October, Finland will host the Ministerial Conference on the future of Artificial Intelligence in Europe, initiated by Mr. Mika Lintilä, Minister of Economic Affairs of Finland. Key representatives from academia and industry will discuss Europe's AI strategy with experts of the High-Level Group for AI, members of the Digitizing European Industries Initiative and representatives of the European Commission, such as Commissioner Gabriel. There will be a live webcast for the panels of the second day: 
https://www.tekoalyaika.fi/en/ai-forum-2018/
New European Centre for Countering Hybrid Threats
The European Union recently established a think-tank in Helsinki which focuses on hybrid threats. The European Centre of Excellence for Countering Hybrid Threats aims to provide a single location facilitating collaboration between the European Union and NATO with regard to facing and mitigating hybrid threats. In addition, it works on the development of holistic government responses to hybrid threats at national level. https://www.hybridcoe.fi/about-us/
Access to person data in the case of not particularly serious criminal offences
The European Court of Justice (ECJ) ruled in Case C-207/16 that access to identification data can be justified for 'non-serious' criminal offences. This answered the Audiencia Provincial de Tarragona's request for guidance on the threshold needed that would be sufficient to justify a restriction of citizen's rights in accordance with the directive on privacy and electronic communications. The ECJ acknowledged that access to data to identify, in this case, the owners of SIM cards activated with a stolen mobile phone interferes with the fundamental right to respect for private life and protection of data enshrined in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union. Yet, it takes the view that in this particular case the interference cannot be seen as serious and that the directive's objective to fight 'criminal offences' does not limit its scope to serious offences only.
https://curia.europa.eu/jcms/upload/docs/application/pdf/2018-10/cp180141en.pdf

Numbers

Invest €1 million, buy for €500,000 or create 10 jobs
Ongoing brain drain, in addition to an increase in competition over global tech talent in the field forces countries to come up with new attractive offers. The city of Lisbon is now using a passport-for-investment scheme aimed at attracting international tech talent. Lisbon offers residency, and eventually EU citizenship to anyone who invests at least €1 million in the local economy, buys property worth €500,000 or creates 10 jobs. https://portugalstartups.com/2018/08/lisbon-lures-tech-entrepreneurs-with-carrot-of-eu-citizenship/
2291 voices behind a Confederation of European AI labs

A proposal for a Confederation of Laboratories for Artificial Intelligence Research in Europe, CLAIRE, is gaining traction since its inception earlier this year. It is supported by the vast majority of the European AI research community, including members of EurAI, IEEE and AAAI. CLAIRE’s ambition is to strengthen the European AI ecosystem through the establishment of a distributed confederation of AI laboratories as well as through an increase in collaboration and coordination within academia and research. CLAIRE recently joined forces with another ongoing proposal, European Lab for Learning & Intelligent Systems (ELLIS), to push for a common infrastructure across Europe. https://claire-ai.org

Ecosystem

New metrics for certification for Autonomous and Intelligent Systems 

The IEEE Standards Association launched ECPAIS, the Ethics Certification Program for Autonomous and Intelligent Systems. ECPAIS will outline a process through which AI/IS systems could be certified as well as define the necessary metrics to achieve such a certification. The program focuses specifically on certification in regard to transparency, accountability and algorithmic bias in AI/IS systems and services. The City of Vienna (Austria), Finland’s Ministry of Finance and the City of Espoo are already involved alongside industry actors. 
https://standards.ieee.org/industry-connections/ecpais.html

Alipay's first EU hub
Ant Financial's mobile payment platform Alipay has chosen Luxembourg as its European hub. According to Luxembourgish media, the move aims to help connect "Chinese users with merchants in EU countries". https://luxtimes.lu/economics/34950-alipay-picks-luxembourg-for-eu-base
Regulation on free flow of non-personal data

The European Parliament adopted a regulation on the free flow of non-personal data on the 4th of October. Allowing for unrestricted flow of non-personal data across EU borders and IT systems is a key pillar of the Digital Single Market and is expected to open new opportunities for businesses. The regulation removes unjustified data localisation restrictions by public authorities across Member States and provides an overarching principle, creating legal certainty for SMEs and businesses. It will come into force by the end of 2018. https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/news/proposal-regulation-european-parliament-and-council-framework-free-flow-non-personal-data

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