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Institute of Cadastral Surveying (Inc.) Email: sec@ics.org.nz
P.O Box 12226 Web: www.ics.org.nz
Beckenham Forum: www.icsnz.proboards.com
Christchurch 8242  
   
Phone: 03 686 9400 Issue 37 – January 2021
WELCOME TO THE JANUARY 2021 ICS EXPRESS
This monthly publication is a communication channel from the ICS Committee to the wider ICS Membership, and alerts you to:
•    matters of cadastral importance;
•    the status of ICS projects;
•    cadastral news and events;
•    ICS administrative matters;


Feedback and contributions are welcome, and should be directed to: sec@ics.org.nz or president@ics.org.nz
PRESIDENT'S MUSINGS
From the desk of ICS President Pat Sole
Welcome back from what I hope has been a relaxing and enjoyable break from the shackles of business for most of you.  It appears that the forecast post-Covid downturn is far from eventuating in most of our work, and 2021 will be as busy as ever, provided our borders remain secure.
It is therefore of concern that delays in plan processing and issue of title have been increasing further as 2020 progressed.  At 11 Jan 2021, processing of routine compliant datasets was taking 18 – 22 days and for complex datasets this figure was 18 – 25 days.  Compliant new title dealings were taking 9 – 19 days.  Clearly, LINZ has not planned for any sustained increase in workloads as we have generally seen.
Which raises the question – what is an acceptable timeframe for processing datasets and delivering title?
Personally, I find the 10 day standard both for plan approval and title issue to be about right.  This allows queries about datasets which are still top of mind, rather than in the distant past when you have to reacquaint yourself with a job.  They are also reasonable for clients, particularly if the fast-track process can be used.  Moreover, inconsistent timeframes make it harder for all to plan – and this is what has been occurring more regularly.
Remember, the profession was sold Landonline on the basis of faster approval times, cheaper fees and regular feedback on quality of submitted work.  None of these have been consistently achieved. Current processing times are exceeding those regularly achieved by a previous manual process and a robust definition check by experienced staff.  LINZ can do a great deal better for its customers.


Responses or ripostes should be directed to: president@ics.org.nz
ICS IN ACTION
ICS ADVOCACY PROJECTS
Your ICS Executive Committee continue to engage with other groups and work on various advocacy projects on your behalf.   Components of these ‘projects’ often require feedback, comment and contributions from Members.
The ICS projects are progressing, and our recent activities are summarised below, with their status in italics:
  • Good Survey Practice –  final update of “high-level” summary document – version 3.2 to be released
  • Good Survey Practice –  “detail document” project continues; responses from submissions received are being compiled into a first rough draft - 30% complete.
  • Survey Fees – ICS President participating in Review (meetings on hold)
  • Cadastral Survey Rules – Decision Report released by SG - awaiting final draft
  • STEP (formerly ASaTS) – watching brief continues
  • LINZ Relationship – Next meeting to be scheduled – early 2021
  • S+SNZ – Memorandum of Understanding being drafted
  • ICS Member Skills Matrix – more responses still requested - see request below
  • Example Survey Plans – initial examples now published to the Field Notes Forum - see below
  • QA Checklist Template – a new project with CSNZ and S+SNZ - slow going progress
Your feedback on these matters is welcomed.  If you have any other cadastral survey issues that you want support with – or want the ICS to escalate – then please contact a Committee Member or the Secretary - sec@ics.org.nz
ICS PROJECTS
ICS STRATEGIC PLAN
A brief working session at the start of the 2020 ICS Technical Workshop reviewed the ICS “Strategic Planning Document” initiated in 2016 and endorsed at the 2017 AGM.  The document was sub-titled: “Our Vision of a Successful ICS in 2025”.  
A quick-fire working session reviewed and updated the purpose and strategies for each action area - Focus; Membership; Credibility; Finances; Executive and Support; Projects.  
The tasks identified in 2016/17 and their target dates were also reviewed – for those that had not been completed or were under action.
The document is confidential to ICS Members, but the Secretary can supply a copy of the updated document on request. (sec@ics.org.nz)

 
ICS SKILLS MATRIX
A reminder that the ICS “Skills Matrix” is an on-going project that identifies members with key experience or expert knowledge within the various fields of Cadastral Surveying (see the list of categories below).  
Periodically, or on request, we will provide to all Members a list of those with "Expert Knowledge" for the benefit of other Members to call upon if required.  Another potential use will be to introduce "Expert Knowledge" Practitioner Members following a query or request for professional assistance from members of the public.  
Currently we have had 13 responses – representing about 25% of our membership.  It will be good to push toward a target of 20-30 responses.  So, if you have not already furnished your response, please consider to some self-promotion to potentially share your expertise.
The fields identified are as follows.   Contact the Secretary (sec@ics.org.nz) to request a blank “form” to complete.
  • Survey System:  Cadastral Surveyor Licensing; NZ Survey System; Legislation
  • Cadastral Surveying:  Historical Survey Data (Knowledge of); Survey Definitions - Old/Difficult; Limited Titles; Adverse Possession/Occupation; Water Boundaries;     Unit Titles; Cross-Lease or Flats Plans; Crown Land/Property; Datums, Projections, Coordinates; Easements; Esplanade/Marginal Strips; GNSS - Cadastral Surveys; Greenfield Subdivisions; Subdivision Engineering; Land Covenants; Legalisation Surveys
  • Spatial:  Aerial Surveys;     GIS; Scanning
  • Planning:  Subdivision Consents; Land Use Consents; Planning - Plan Zone Changes; TA Certification
  • Other:  Data Capture Surveys; GNSS - Precise Measurement; Rentable Areas; Topographical Surveys
PROJECT: CASE STUDY – COMMON MARINE AND COASTAL AREA
The first in a series of “Case Studies” is now available for Members. Ian Gillespie (Northland) has compiled a thorough summary of a definition that included requirements to assess existing water body boundaries; define/confirm MHWM and MHWS; account for portions of erosion and address possible accretion; deal with tidal influences; and consider the Common Marine and Coastal Area legislation that now applies. Overall an interesting and complex case.  

This document can be found under ICS Member Resources on the ICS Field Notes Forum https://icsnz.proboards.com/. You will need to register on the forum and log-in to view ICS Member only content. If you are already registered and cannot see the ICS Member Resources, or if you have any feedback please contact the secretary (sec@ics.org.nz).

 
PROJECT: PLAN EXAMPLES
Our library of “example survey plans” is starting to expand. This resource is intended to be a ‘live’ source of information for Members to use as and when required - and potentially enhance by way of adding additional contributions.  The examples are provided with due care and responsibility, with a view to sharing project exemplars for Members to follow, or  simply to provide a modern approved dataset that could be used as a quality or integrity check on a dataset that you are preparing. 
The examples currently available are:
•    DP467270 Covenant intersecting/coincident with Class D boundaries
•    LT498087 Unit Title with subject and appurtenant easements
•    DP531951 Easement over Marginal Strip
•    DP534147 LT Subdivision with Esplanade Reserve
•    LT548048 Stream Encroachment

All the examples can be found under
ICS Member Resources on the ICS Field Notes Forum https://icsnz.proboards.com/. You will need to register on the forum and log-in to view ICS Member only content. If you are already registered and cannot see the ICS Member Resources, or if you have any feedback please contact the secretary (sec@ics.org.nz).

If you have an example that you wish to share, then please download and complete the submission form here  and forward it to the secretary sec@ics.org.nz 
LANDONLINE ISSUES AND NEWS
CSD/PLAN FEE CHARGING
It has been brought to our attention that the automated plan charging process has recently been charging 2x $5 for each survey and title sheet extracted from Landonline via the Request Product List.  Previously, if both survey and title plans for the same dataset were downloaded, only a single dataset fee (=$5) was charged.  This duplication of charges has happened previously, and LINZ have credited accounts accordingly.
The ICS has reported this issue to LINZ.
You are urged to check your recent Landonline fee statements to check that you have been charged the expected fee.  If you have been over-charged, contact LINZ Customer Support to seek a credit. (customersupport@linz.govt.nz – Attention: Brian Evans) supplying copies of your invoices.  Please also cc in the Secretary also so the ICS can assess the extent of the issue. 

LANDWRAP – DECEMBER 2020
The December 2020 LINZ “Landwrap” noted some relevant news:

HEAVY LANDONLINE USE
LINZ are currently seeing unprecedented use of Landonline and have significantly increased our capacity to cover this busy holiday period.  If use continues to increase, there may be times when capacity is exceeded because too many people are trying to connect to Landonline at the same time. If you get an “Access is denied” or “Cannot Start App Landonline Workspace” error message when trying to log in to Landonline, it will be because the maximum number of concurrent users is already connected.  Please try again until a session is available.   It is best to avoid peak connection hours, particularly 11am-12:30pm, if possible.

WEB SEARCH OPTION
If searching a record of title or survey plan, you could consider using Web Search, which does not have the same capacity constraints.  Web Search allows you to search and retrieve the same Landonline products and can be accessed by clicking this link and entering your Landonline user ID and password.  Web Search accesses the same database and uses the same billing system as Landonline, so both systems can be used interchangeably when searching or preparing a transaction for a client.
https://search.landonline.govt.nz/ 

UNIT APPELLATION UNIQUE PARCEL IDENTIFIER FORMAT UPDATED
The Cadastral Survey Rules 2021 will allow for unique parcel identifiers for units to be a letter followed by a number. The current rules only allow for a number or a number followed by a letter. This provides greater flexibility and allows appellations to align with addressing requirements. 
To allow surveyors to start using the new format immediately the Surveyor-General has issued a general dispensation pursuant to s47(5) Cadastral Survey Act 2002. 
The latest Landonline release provides for the new unique identifiers to be captured using the “general” appellation format. 
For further information see unit appellations in the LINZ KnowledgeBase: https://www.linz.govt.nz/kb/918#unitappellations 

 
CURRENT PROCESSING TIMES AT 11/1/21
Times for Survey and Title processing for the last 12 months are tracked below.
The summary graph for Survey Datasets reports the shortest (routine) and longest (complex) processing working days:


LINZ UPDATES
CADASTRAL SURVEY RULES REVIEW
No recent developments or updates are reported.
Note that the ICS has consistently advocated for the Rules to be drafted and published – and enacted as soon as possible.  We look forward to their commencement mid-2021. The ICS has not yet had any feedback from Members regarding the details within the Decision Report published recently by the Surveyor-General.  If you do have any specific comments or issues, and wish to share these with the ICS Legislation Sub-committee, then please direct these to the Secretary. (sec@ics.org.nz).
Although there appears to be no room for further changes to the Rules as proposed, the ICS Executive team would be able to discuss any concerns and criticisms with the S-G at our next relationship meeting.


UTILITY LOCATION STANDARD
A reminder about the request for feedback on the Standard that can be used to define the location of utility assets. 
LINZ are inviting individuals and organisations involved in asset management and survey to take a look at the draft Standard and provide feedback.
Find more information here: https://www.linz.govt.nz/regulatory/utility-location-standard
Feedback is due by 24-February-2021.  
Members who are interested in this field are encouraged to take some time to review the Draft Standard, and provide submissions directly to utilitylocation@linz.govt.nz, and/or to the Secretary (sec@ics.org.nz) in order for the ICS to present a group submission.
FENCING LAW
Consumer NZ have recently updated and promoted their “article” on Fencing law – the rights and obligations when fencing your boundary.
https://www.consumer.org.nz/articles/fencing-law
As surveyors are often an early point-of-contact around the time that a question over the rights landowners have regarding fencing, it is useful to have a good understanding of the law.  This Consumer article is a great refresher and summary as to the common questions and issues.  Including details about things such as:  
•    upgrading or building a fence;
•    types of fence;
•    cost sharing.
The other common question surveyors are asked relates to the location of boundary in terms of the fence structure.  There seems to be some variation on the convention or common understanding around the country.  Is it generally:
•    Along the mid-point of the whole fence structure?
•    Along the middle of the posts?
•    Along the face of the post on the side where the rails are attached?
•    Where the survey plan and survey report describe it to be?
•    Where a cadastral surveyor demarcates it to be?
•    Somewhere else?
What is your point-of-view?  (contact the Secretary sec@ics.org.nz).
CSLB NEWS
2020 ANNUAL REPORT
The Annual Report for the year ended 30 June 2020 is now available on the CSLB website:
https://media-cslb.s3-ap-southeast-2.amazonaws.com/19-20_CSLB_Annual_Report_FINAL.pdf
"ON-LINE" NEWS
DEMOCRATIZATION OF LIDAR BEGINS WITH APPLE IPHONE 12 PRO
LiDAR News – On-Line Blog: 3-Jan-2021
https://blog.lidarnews.com/democratization-of-lidar-begins-with-apple-iphone-12-pro/
Much like GPS, the iPhone 12 Pro’s depth-scanning lidar sensor is the start of the worldwide democratization of lidar (making it accessible to everyone) as it opens up a lot of possibilities for 3D-scanning apps on phones.  
In the 1990’s GPS was just reaching the minimum number of satellites needed to make it of practical use.  When Selective Availability was removed by President Clinton in 2000 and companies like Garmin and Magellan announced $100 receivers, GPS took off.  Apple is doing the same with lidar and the iPhone. Soon the general public will be talking about the lidar on their phones and cars like it was GPS.

TARRAS INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT: THE MADNESS AND GENIUS OF BUILDING IT IN THE TINY CENTRAL OTAGO TOWN
Stuff – National:  26-Dec-2020
https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/300190390/tarras-international-airport-the-madness-and-genius-of-building-it-in-the-tiny-central-otago-town?rm=a
For two years, a small team at Christchurch Airport plotted an audacious strike – to create an international airport in their rival’s backyard.  In July 2020, they shocked everyone by announcing they’d bought four properties near Tarras in Central Otago, and wanted long-haul jets flying there within 10 years.  
Mike White investigates how the company’s coup was kept secret and why the airport raises critical issues for New Zealand.

 
IHUMĀTAO DEAL DONE: GOVERNMENT'S $30 MILLION DEAL TO BUY THE LAND
NZ Herald – Politics:  17-Dec-2020
https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/ihumatao-deal-done-governments-30-million-deal-to-buy-the-land/OXE2J76Q4ZGIT7LIBHIRUXIH2I/
Deputy Prime Minister Grant Robertson says the Government is spending $30 million to resolve the dispute at Ihumātao because the issue risked becoming his "generation's Bastion Point".
The Government is buying the land at Ihumātao from Fletchers for $30 million. Some of it will be used for housing – and the deal could eventually pass it into the ownership of tangata whenua.
Protest organisers say today's deal is an "important first step", but that it should now be up to whānau to decide the best use for the land.
Robertson announced the deal today, saying an agreement (He Pūmautanga) had also been signed between the Kīngitanga, the Crown and Auckland Council to decide on the future of the land.
The deal was "unique and innovative", he said, and resolved a dispute that was risking becoming his "generation's Bastion Point".
ICS ADMINISTRATION
2021 AGM AND TECHNICAL WORKSHOP
Our planning for the 2021 AGM and Technical Workshop has commenced, and the 2021 venue is firming up to be in DUNEDIN.  
The 2021 conveners are putting together a programme that will be informative, interesting, and entertaining for all attendees.  Once a venue is identified, we will confirm more details so members can take advantage of early booking savings.  Watch this space!


If you have some ideas for topics or speakers – then please pass these onto the Secretary (sec@ics.org.nz )  
TIMES PAST
Taking a short break from our current Times Past theme (featuring “Old Surveyors”) we present an “Old Poem” that references the work of The Surveyor. The poem is from Men and Meridians, The History of Surveying and Mapping in Canada Volume 3 1917-1947, and was penned by Don W. Thomson:

THE SURVEYOR

 "Remove not the ancient landmark which thy fathers have set."  Proverbs 22:28

He thrives on patterns,
    his marks and monuments
    transform a wilderness
    and by his carefully tagged
    and numbered squares,
    neat roads, correction lines
    and small cadastral lots
    he clothes in certainty,
    in geometrical designs,
    man's ancient rights.

 He scans the skies,
    reading some far-off star
    by which he plots
    meridians and makes his maps,
    stitching a new-found world
    into a patchwork quilt,
    a net of metes and bounds,
    so lands may know their own
    and live in peace. 


For next month, if you want to suggest a particular “Old Surveyor” that deserves remembering through this forum then please send your suggestion (and any details you may have) to sec@ics.org.nz .
COMING EVENTS
DATES SUBJECT TO COVID-19 DEVELOPMENTS - DATES SHOULD BE CONFIRMED WITH THE PROVIDER: 
10 February 2021 Applications for 2021 Professional Examinations Close (S+SNZ)
17-18 February 2021 National Freshwater Conference – Te Wharewaka O Poneke, Wellington
22-23 February 2021 Urban Futures – AUT Events Centre, Auckland
2 April 2021 Cadastral Law Examination - Registration Closes (S+SNZ)
12 April 2021 Professional Examinations
June 2021 Rules for Cadastral Survey 2020 Enacted (target date)
16 June 2021 Cadastral Law Examination (S+SNZ)
1-3 August 2021 12d Technical Forum – Brisbane, Australia
August 2021 ICS AGM and Technical Workshop – Location to be confirmed
THE LAST WORDS
“The American Republic will endure until the day Congress discovers that it can bribe the public with the public's money.”
“America is great because she is good. If America ceases to be good, America will cease to be great.”
“The greatness of America lies not in being more enlightened than any other nation, but rather in her ability to repair her faults.” 
Alexis de Tocqueville – French Aristocrat and Political Philosopher, 1805-1859
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To learn more click here to check out the full job listing. 
Thanks to LPMS for their ongoing support of the ICS Express. To get your advertisement in the Express, contact the Secretary.
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