Institute of Cadastral Surveying (Inc.) Email:
P.O Box 12226 Web:
Beckenham Forum:
Christchurch 8242  
Phone: 03 686 9400 Issue 34 – October 2020
This monthly publication is a communication channel from the ICS Committee to the wider ICS Membership, and alerts you to:
•    matters of cadastral importance;
•    the status of ICS projects;
•    cadastral news and events;
•    ICS administrative matters;

Feedback and contributions are welcome, and should be directed to: or
From the desk of ICS President Pat Sole
With the election looming, it is clear that whoever succeeds will be placing priority on abandoning the Resource Management Act.

I can’t say I will be sorry to see it go. Those making the ultimate decisions about developments and subdivisions seem to have the view prevalent within local government that developers can absorb all costs.  This ignores the fact that no developer (whether they are large or small) can afford to not recover their costs, and the inflationary effect that this has had on the price of land and housing.

From my experience, there is no longer any certainty about the outcome of many applications, and it is becoming increasingly difficult to advise clients at the outset.  District Plans are becoming more complex and whilst they have been through a formal consultation process in development, often still do not reflect community or national values, or individuality of developments. This coupled with the ever increasing baseline standards of the Building and Engineering Codes, Health and Safety requirements, the risk averse nature of Councils and the Crown, the almost monopoly position of Utility Service providers, Councils, Accredited Contractors, Building Suppliers etc, mean that there is much outside the RMA that also needs tweaking. 

However, it is the detail in what will replace the RMA that I have concerns about. Whilst our Institute is primarily concerned with cadastral matters, we cannot operate in a silo and it will be interesting to see how the elected politicians decide to deal with it.  As people who are heavily involved in the established process, I wonder if we will be asked for our views?

Responses or ripostes should be directed to:
Your ICS Executive Committee continue to engage with other groups and work on various advocacy projects on your behalf.   Components of these ‘projects’ often require feedback, comment and contributions from Members.
The ICS projects are progressing, and our recent activities are summarised below, with their status in italics:
  • Good Survey Practice –  final update of “high-level” summary document – version 3.0 being vetted by Committee
  • Good Survey Practice –  “detail document” project continues; responses from submissions received are being compiled into a first rough draft - 30% complete.
  • Survey Fees – ICS President participating in Review (meetings on hold)
  • Cadastral Survey Rules – still awaiting S-G summary 
  • STEP (formerly ASaTS) – watching brief continues.  Summary from ICS Technical Workshop is included within this ICS Express
  • LINZ Relationship – Next meeting to be scheduled
  • S+SNZ – Memorandum of Understanding being drafted
  • ICS Member Skills Matrix – more responses still required
  • Example Survey Plans – a new project (population of information on-going)
  • QA Checklist Template – a new project with CSNZ and S+SNZ slow going
Your feedback on these matters is welcomed.  If you have any other cadastral survey issues that you want support with – or want the ICS to escalate – then please contact a Committee Member or the Secretary -
CSNZ have identified a growing issue with Licensed Cadastral Surveyors presenting poor cadastral definitions and datasets.   
Stephen Koning is the ICS Representative on the Project, and he will report on progress to Members via the ICS Express as necessary.
At the recent ICS-LINZ Relationship meeting the Principal Cadastral Surveyor (Survey Operations, Property Rights) Mike Morris gave a presentation about Cadastral Dataset Compliance. Amongst the information and statistics provided, Mike provided an example of an analysis of CSDs lodged by a Firm.  This provided metrics relating to the number of CSDs requisitioned per LCS; the percentage of CSDs requisitioned and the National average; the severity of requisitions for the period (critical; minor; significant); and requisition types. This information can be useful to identify areas that require more QA focus – for the LCS and/or firm.  The information is proffered to assist and support thestral dataset compliance of LCSs and companies.

Mike has offered to provide requisition statistics for ICS Members that would like them.  As the reports provide the statistics for all licensed cadastral surveyors in each firm, Mike would need the authority of a Director or Survey Manager before issuing the information.  If you would like to have your metrics compiled, please direct your request (and authority if necessary) to Mike at: .  
Note that a summary of the presentation itself will be published in next month’s Express


The Landonline terms and conditions changed on 5 October 2020 to make them clearer and in one place.  This followed a month of public feedback and previous engagement with stakeholders on the new Landonline terms and conditions and Landonline privacy statement. The ICS contributed to this feedback.

The new Landonline terms and conditions now clearly distinguish between the roles and obligations of account holders (such as firms) and individual users (individuals who use Landonline).  They also create a system manager role that every account holder is required to fill.  The new Landonline privacy statement provides a comprehensive description of how we collect, use and share personal information.

The Landonline terms and conditions and privacy statement can be found at:
There is still no significant update.  A summary of the submissions and decisions have yet to be published by the Surveyor-General.  Good things take time it seems.

We understand that the LINZ focus has been on working with the PCO (Parliamentary Council Office) on getting a stable version of the Rules finalised in order to progress the implementation phase – Landonline updates and development of integrated guidance. Currently, the implementation of the Rules will be after the June 2021 release of Landonline which is required to enable LINZ to get all the changes needed to support the Cadastral Survey Rules 2021 in place.  

We have previously flagged this potential source of information in previous issues of the Express. This resource is a “live” portal into all sorts of useful information related to the survey process and property transactions and the Landonline application. Add a link to it in your browser, save it as a favourite, or create a short-cut on your desktop.
Amongst some recent posts onto the Knowledge base are:
  • Update your details in Landonline: (  How many of us have not bothered to change our address or phone contacts?
  • Setting up Landonline in a Virtual Desktop (VDI) environment: ( )  Possibly not as useful now compared to a working-from-home Covid-19 lockdown environment – but useful nevertheless for those operators who merge a work from office and home, or for organisations replacing individual PC’s with virtual desktop environments. 
  • Printing, using the spatial window and viewing images: ( )  Some good tips.
  • Capturing referenced surveys and bearing corrections in a CSD: ( )  A Rules refresher and the practical application of bearing corrections.
The 2020 ICS Technical Workshop in Wellington provided an opportunity to hear about the latest developments within the STEP (Survey and Title Enhancement Programme). For those that need a refresher - Land Information New Zealand is progressively rebuilding Landonline, the system used to manage New Zealand's land information.  STEP is the programme of work to deliver this. Georgina Beattie is the Survey Product Owner for LINZ on the STEP Project.  Georgina is a Licensed Cadastral Surveyor and has recently moved into the STEP Team.

The rollout of the new platform will be in a stepwise fashion.  It is designed to be a modular system where updates and changes can be made in a much easier, quicker, and more efficient manner as opposed to the current Landonline system.  It is anticipated that changes and adaptation from customer feedback can be incorporated into the new system at very short notice.  Current updates to Landonline happen twice annually. LINZ have considered customer feedback and are working closely with a number of third-party software providers about data integration into the system.  The idea is that users of the new platform will only need to make changes to one piece of software as opposed to two with the current system.  

Georgina explained the key drivers for the upgrade to the system.  The first being the protection and strengthening of the STEP platform, which in turn will strengthen and protect the data being populated and held within Landonline
A second driver is to support greater accuracy and certainty in the information being held in the platform.  And a third driver is to improve data quality, for example being able to see the rights associated with a particular covenant area or easement area. The development of the platform is progressing steadily.  LINZ are about to advertise for 16 more software developers as they ramp up the building of Landonline “version 2”. By the end of 2021, it is expected that certain aspects of the new platform will be live, allowing for users to partially use the new platform up to a point.  For example, utilising the current Landonline at the plan generation stage of the process.  

A copy of Georgina’s ICS Workshop Presentation is here. It will be posted onto the ICS website in due course.

BBC Future: 5-Oct-2020
Satellite navigation systems keep our world running in ways many people barely realise, but they are also increasingly vulnerable.  What could we use instead?
When satellite navigation was jammed at Israel’s Ben Gurion airport last year, only the skill of the air traffic controllers prevented serious accidents. The jamming was apparently accidental, originating with Russian forces fighting in Syria, but it highlighted just how dangerous interruptions to the global positioning system – better known as GPS – can be.

Stuff – National:  5-Oct-2020
A 400-metre stretch of road that’s three years late has some Hamilton residents feeling “cut-off” and “abandoned”.
But a Hamilton City Council staffer says the road is the “most challenging piece of infrastructure” he’s worked on at the council.  The Te Wetini Drive extension connects the Rotokauri Rise subdivision at Taiatea Dr and Pukenga Ave with the Base, Wintec and Rotokauri Transport Centre.
A representative for residents, Pauline Anderson, told council’s strategic growth committee they were unhappy with the delays.  People could see the Base from their houses, but taking the bus there meant travelling into central Hamilton, then back onto the Base.

Stuff – National:  8-Oct-2020
Government funding to help farmers and councils deal with new environmental rules is "nowhere near enough" to cover the costs, West Coast Regional Council chairman Allan Birchfield says.
The Government recently announced $50 million to support the implementation of freshwater and biodiversity standards around the country.  But Birchfield says that is a drop in the bucket, given the size of the job.  
His council – which collects about $2.2m a year in rates – has estimated it will cost about $4m just to set up the planning and monitoring regime needed to put the new system in place, and it will have to take on more staff.
Over the past year we have had some membership changes.  An analysis of our membership presents some interesting metrics:
•    23 members:  North Island – Te Ika-a-Maui
•    25 members:  South Island – Te Waipounamu
•    1 member: Overseas – Tawahi
•    36 Urban members – Taone
•    13 Rural members – Taiwhenua

One month has passed already since our 2020 AGM and Workshop. Detailed planning has yet to commence for 2021, but some thoughts as to a location and themes are starting to be kicked about.

If you have some ideas – for a location, or venue, or topics – then please pass these ideas onto the Secretary ( )  
Be assured that any suggestions or contributions will not *necessarily* qualify you as co-covener for the Workshop
In a continuation of our current theme, we highlight and reproduce brief biographical details of New Zealand Surveyors who have served the cadastral profession with esteem and whom deserve to be remembered occasionally for their overall contribution to the profession.
This month’s “old Surveyor” is one THOMAS BRUNNER (1821-1874) 

Portrait of Thomas Brunner, circa 1871 (
Thomas Brunner (April 1821 – 22 April 1874) was an English-born surveyor and explorer remembered for his exploration of the West Coast of New Zealand's South Island.
He came to New Zealand as an Assistant Surveyor to the New Zealand Company, arriving at Nelson in 1841.  He was a prolific “Surveyor-Explorer” and travelled far and wide across many remote parts of the South Island in search of routes between the early coastal towns, and locations for settlements themselves.  His expeditions included:
  • In 1843 he explored the headwaters of the Buller River and reached as far as the Matukituki, (now Murchison). 
  • In 1846 in company with Charles Heaphy, he started from Nelson for the West Coast, via Golden Bay. They examined Farewell Spit, crossed through West Wanganui Inlet and followed the coast to Arahura.  After examining the mouth of the Buller River they returned to Nelson by the same route.
  • Later that same year, he left again in the company of four Maori including Kehu, and travelled down the Waimea Valley and Buller Valley, crossed over the mountains at the head of Lake Rotoroa, then down the Buller River to its mouth.  He was near starvation at this stage – saved by eating his dog and local food sourced by his good companion Kehu.  They then followed the West Coast down to the Paringa River near Haast before returning back along the coast to Greymouth, up the Grey River and across the saddle to the Maruia River and into the Inangahua Valley to the junction with the Buller River, up the Buller to Tophouse and back to Nelson.  This included a period of partial paralysis and travel without boots (the two pairs taken being worn out!) and traversing some of the most inhospitable country in NZ.  An away job” taking some 550 days!
  • He then surveyed the burgeoning towns of Westport and Greymouth whose locations he had previously scouted.  Thus, providing the ‘cadastral connection’ part of his contribution to the profession. 
In 1851 he was appointed Surveyor of Crown Lands, under the General Government, at Nelson.  In 1858, he became Chief Surveyor and Commissioner of Works to the Nelson Provincial Council, retiring in 1869, but was retained as Consulting Surveyor by Special Act on account of his great personal knowledge of places and people, and of the history of the early surveys.

  • Wikipedia 
  • The Pioneer Land Surveyors of NZ – Part IV Biographical Notes (2005 – NZIS – Compiled by Derek Brown)
  • The Great Journey - John Pascoe (1983)
  • Early Travellers in New Zealand” - Nancy Taylor (1959)
  • The West Coast Gold Rushes” - P.R. May (1967)
If you want to suggest a particular Surveyor that deserves remembering through this forum then please send your suggestion (and any details you may have) to .
2-4 Nov 2020 S+SNZ Annual Conference – Rotorua – The New Normal – Recovery, Reshaping and Resilience – Virtual Conference CANCELLED
2-4 Nov 2020 Trimble Dimensions User Conference – Nashville, Tennessee, USA - CANCELLED
June 2021 Rules for Cadastral Survey 2020 Enacted (target date)
1-3 Aug 2021 12d Technical Forum – Brisbane, Australia
August 2021 ICS AGM and Technical Workshop – Location to be confirmed
In light of the upcoming elections – both in NZ and the US:
“Revenge is a dish best served in a voting booth” - US Performance artist Derek Delgaudio

And a second one this month that may apply at this election cycle:
The Nonreciprocal Laws of Expectations:
- Negative expectations yield negative results.
- Positive expectations yield negative results.
(from Murphy’s Law – and Other Reasons why Things Go Wrong – Arthur Bloch (1977)
Thanks to LPMS for their ongoing support of the ICS Express. To get your advertisement in the Express, contact the Secretary.
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