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CDS Update

For CDS, as for so many others, the Covid-19 pandemic continued to overshadow its activities over the last four months. This forced staff to focus their time and effort on teaching, which shifted entirely on-line in November, after just a few weeks of ‘in-person’ teaching on campus. With home schooling and domestic care responsibilities to too, there has been much less time for many to think about research. But lack of travel options has at least encouraged us to work harder at finding ways to collaborate remotely, with co-researchers ranging from Bangladesh and Gaza to Southern Africa and Brazil. The scope for remote collaboration extends to teaching also, with lectures being beamed in and out from Bath, Beijing, Kinshasa and beyond – this newsletter providing only a sample of everything that is going on. With climate change casting an even bigger shadow than Covid, and new energy being directed at decolonising development (not to mention ethics approval and digital data) rethinking how we do research will be continue to be high on our agenda as restrictions are slowly eased.

James Copestake (Director)
 
CDS Out and About

Development Policy, Practice, Poverty and Political Economy | Social Justice, Sustainability and Wellbeing | Conflict, Migration and Humanitarian Action | Global Public Health and Education
 
Roy Maconachie has started working on a new GCRF (Global Challenges Research Fund) project From stone to phone: Livelihoods, resource governance and artisanal cobalt mining in the Democratic Republic of Congo with Yixian Sun and Andy Crane. The project inception meeting was held on 27 November 2020 with partners from the Catholic University of Bukavu (Democratic Republic of Congo) and Fudan University (China). Roy’s research on ‘Voices from the Mine: Artisanal Mining and Resource Governance in Sierra Leone’ was recently featured in a special issue of CenterPoint Now marking the 75th anniversary of the United Nations (see pp. 48-51). Roy and Dorte Thorsen have also published a blog about ‘Cocoa Ethics: Questions about Child Labour and Social Sustainability’ on Evidensia.
 
Rosana Pinheiro-Machado has signed a contract for a new volume, co-edited with Tatiana Maia, on “The Rise of the Radical Right in the Global South.” The book which presents cases studies in seven countries, will be published in 2021 book series – Routledge Studies in Fascism and the Far Right. Rosana was recently quoted in this media piece on Black and Trans Women Fight for Safety and Visibility in Brazil’s Far-Right Government. She has also finalised the research report ‘Safety of Women’s Protestors in Latin America’ for the INGO, Article 19. The report will be launched on 8 March and will be available in several Latin American countries. Rosana will also convene a workshop for activists to discuss the results of the research.’ On 16 March, Rosana will give the inaugural lecture (aula magna) of the 2021 academic year for the Social Sciences course at Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-RJ). And in April she has been invited to give a talk about her book Counterfeit Itineraries for US diplomats at the Foreign Service Institute (FSI) with the U.S. Department of State.

In January, Ben Radley gave a guest lecture to Masters students in Natural Resource Management at the University of Kinshasa, titled ‘The Enclave Mining Economy: What Solutions for the DR Congo?’ In February, he gave a guest lecture to Masters students in Development Studies at the Centre of Development Studies of the University of Cambridge titled ‘The Road to Diversification? Mining Industrialisation and Transnational Corporations in Low-income African Countries.’

James Copestake was part of the Institute for Policy Research (IPR) team that researched and published a report on ‘Bath beyond 2020: creating a resilient economy together’ in collaboration with The Good Economy. He also published a CGAP Blog with Sukwinder Arora on Finance Fit for Opportunities and Shocks: What Helps Poor Clients Most. James is part of a new academic link for joint doctoral training with staff at Stellenbosch University, and the Dept of Development Studies at the University of Fort Hare University in South Africa. For more see here. In Janaury, James joined Bath SDR in providing on-line training in the QuIP for staff of the World Food Programme in Southern Africa. Meanwhile, Bath SDR has finalised QuIP studies in Ghana, Malawi and Mozambique (for Opportunity International, the Aga Khan Foundation and Concern Worldwide respectively).

Morten Siersted has been appointed to the technical advisory committee of an initiative to boost investment in nature-based infrastructure for climate adaptation. The project is supported by the Global Environment Facility managed Special Climate Change Fund and is co-financed by the MAVA Foundation. The implementing agency is the UN Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) with the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) being responsible for execution. The intention is to use financial modelling and climate change projections to establish the business case for investing in nature.

Jason Hart, Mohammed Alruzzi and Christina Torsein are part of a research team that has published a report on ‘COVID-19 in Gaza: Community Perspectives on the Pandemic.’ The report captures the responses of Palestinians living in refugee communities to a range of COVID-19 public health measures and provides recommendations for UNRWA and other international actors working in the Gaza Strip. It has been discussed in numerous media, including NBC, Al Jazeera and News24.

Madeleine Le Bourdon has been awarded an ECR Research grant from the European Educational Research Association (EERA) - Global Education Network in Europe (GENE) Global Education Fund. Working with the CoDEC- the Consortium Development Education Centres the project will be looking into the impact of social media on global education, learning and activism during COVID-19. The year -long project will work to further our understanding of social media as an educative tool and explore ways it can be harnessed as a platform for inclusive Global Education and activism. Research findings will form a report for policymakers across Europe focused on youth activism, education and learning.

Harry Rutter participated in a Health Foundation podcast on ‘What should nanny do next? The government and obesity’ in November. He also gave a keynote speech at a WHO/UNECE Transport, Health and Environment Pan-European Programme webinar on ‘Equitable transport and health during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.’ Recently, Harry gave a keynote on ‘The Lancet-Chatham House Commission on population health post COVID-19’ at the WHO/UNECE/UNEP European Environment and Health Process Dialogue: Building forward better in the aftermath of COVID-19 - health, environment, nature and climate change.
CDS Events

CDS will host a webinar on 12 March to launch a report on 'The Sustainable Development Goals and the University of Bath: An opportunity' which makes eight specific recommendations for the University of Bath to further align themselves with the United Nations SDGs. Speakers will include Judith Randel (Development Initiatives) and the three authors of the report - Nicki Schantz, Aurelie Charles and James Copestake.   

‘Can Chief Financial Officers (CFOs) Usher in a New Era of Corporate Sustainability Performance?’ a CDS webinar featuring Marie Morice (United Nations Global Compact) and chaired by Zeynep Kaya, will be held on Thursday 25 March 13:45-15:00 GMT.  The webinar will explore how linking environment, social and governance (ESG) issues to corporate sustainability action is essential to implementing the Paris Agreement and achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030, and how it can also benefit investors and companies. Registration is free.
 
Recent Events

CDS co-hosted a webinar on ‘Reversals of Fortune: The World Bank 2020 Poverty & Shared Prosperity Report’ with the Institute for Policy Research (IPR) and the Centre for Trust, Peace and Social Relations (CTSPR) at Coventry University on 8 December. Michael Woolcock, co-editor of the report, discussed  the combined effects of conflict, climate change and the coronavirus pandemic on global poverty and prosperity, prospects for recovery, and on the experience of putting the report together. Santosh Mehrotra and Zainab Mai-Bornu served as discussants. Watch it here.

Jem Bendell (University of Cumbria) presented his theory on Deep Adaptation and sustainability in a webinar co-hosted by CDS and the Centre for Business, Organisations and Society (CBOAS) on 2 December. The webinar, which was chaired by Aurelie Charles, accompanied a special issue on "System-wide disruption of organisations for sustainability" in the Journal of Sustainability. You can watch a recording of the webinar here.
 
CDS Working Papers

Schantz, N. M., Charles, A. and Copestake, J. (2021) “The Sustainable Development Goals and the University of Bath: An opportunity,” Bath Papers in International Development and Wellbeing, No. 64, Centre for Development Studies, pp. 1-31.
 
Publications

Agamile, P., Dimova, R. and Golan, J. (2021) Crop Choice, Drought and Gender: New Insights from Smallholders’ Response to Weather Shocks in Rural Uganda, Journal of Agricultural Economics.

Bloomfield, M. and Maconachie, R. (2020) Gold. Polity Press (Resources Series).

Charles, A. (2021) Gender, Financial Crisis and Labour Markets, in K. Zimmermann (ed), Handbook of Labour, Human Resources and Population Economics, Springer Cham.

Golan, J. and You, J. (2020) Raising Aspirations of Boys and Girls through Role Models: Evidence from a Field Experiment, Journal of Development Studies.

Hart, J., Procter, C., Alruzzi ,M., Achilli, L., Zamora, N.A., Enria, L., Torsein, C., and Cameron, S. (2021) COVID-19 in Gaza: Community Perspectives on the Pandemic, ELHRA.

Knai, C., Petticrew, M., Capewell, S., Cassidy, R., Collin, J., Cummins, S., Eastmure, E., Fafard, P., Fitzgerald, N., Gilmore, A. B., Hawkins, B., Jensen, J. D. A., Katikireddi, S. V., Maani, N., Mays, N., Mwatsama, M., Nakkash, R., Orford, J. F., Rutter, H.,...and Weishaar, H. (2021) The case for developing a cohesive systems approach to research across unhealthy commodity industriesBMJ Global Health, 6: e0003543.
 
Koorts, H. and Rutter, H. (2021) A systems approach to scale-up for population health improvement, Health Research Policy and Systems, 19: 27.

Maconachie, R. and Conteh, F. M. (2021) Artisanal mining policy reforms, informality and challenges to the Sustainable Development Goals in Sierra LeoneEnvironmental Science and Policy, 116: 38-46.

Maconachie, R., Howard, N. and Bock, R. (2021) Theorising 'harm' in relation to children's work, ACHA Working Paper 4, Action on Children's Harmful Work in African Agriculture, Brighton: IDS.

Maîtrot, M., Wood, G. D. and Devine, J. (2021) Understanding resilience: lessons from lived experiences of extreme poverty in Bangladesh, Development Policy Review.

Marteau, T.M., Rutter, H. and Marmot, M. (2021) Changing behaviour: an essential component of tackling health inequalities, BMJ, vol. 372, 332.

McGill, E., Er, V., Penney, T., Egan, M., White, M., Meier, P., Whitehead, M., Lock, K., Anderson de Cuevas, R., Smith, R., Savona, N., Rutter, H., Marks, D., de Vocht, F., Cummins, S., Popay, J. and Petticrew, M. (2021) Evaluation of public health interventions from a complex systems perspective: a research methods review, Social Science and Medicine.

Petticrew, M., Maani, N., Pettigrew, L., Rutter, H. and Van Schalkwyk, M. C. (2020) Dark Nudges and Sludge in Big Alcohol: Behavioral Economics, Cognitive Biases, and Alcohol Industry Corporate Social ResponsibilityMilbank Quarterly, 98(4), 1290-1328.

Radley, B.  and Geenen, S. (2021) Struggles over value: corporate–state suppression of locally led mining mechanisation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Review of African Political Economy.

van der Ven, H. and Sun, Y. (2021) Varieties of Crises: Comparing the Politics of COVID-19 and Climate Change, Global Environmental Politics, 22(1).

Wilhelm, C. and Maconachie, R. (2021) Exploring local content in Guinea's bauxite sector: Obstacles, opportunities and future trajectoriesResources Policy.
CDS Blogs
Reflecting on Reversals of Fortune: poverty and shared prosperity through 2020 by James Copestake

Smart cities are also inclusive cities: we need to draw on all residents' knowledge by Caroline Fazli

Further reflections on shared prosperity…and regress by Mohd Umair Khan

The Dasgupta Review - Strong words but short-term actions by Nick Langridge
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