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BS"D
September 24, '20
 
Welcome to the weekly newsletter of Igud HaRabbonim, the Rabbinical Alliance of America, in which we share news for and about members, including communal news, announcements, publications, Divrei Torah, press releases and media mentions.

In this newsletter:
• Mazal Tov
• COVID-19 Update Sep 24
• Chaplaincy Commission Update
• Candle Lighting Times
• JP Luach Haazinu 5781
• Divrei Torah Ha’azinu-Yom Kippur
• Upcoming Yahrtzeits 8 Tishrei-15 Tishrei
• Chief Rabbi David Lau: Yom Kippur During Coronavirus
• Tosfos Yom Tov: Tishrei 5781

Please let us know about your family simchos and l"a aveilus, book publications and career changes or milestones, so we can share as chaveirim our life events. Send updates to rabbi@igud.us.

Mazal Tov



 

COVID-19 Update Sep 24

Below is an update on the Covid situation from Rav Dr. Aaron Glatt, RAA/Igud’s Director of Halacha and Medicine Commision, dated September 10, 2020 (the situation changes day to day). He will provide a live update on Motzei Shabbos, September 26 at 8:15pm NY time

We are again at a crossroads. Both in the Jewish calendar, entering into Yom Kippur, where life and death decisions will be made, and in the world of COVID-19, with a disconcerting continuing rise in cases in our area, where life and death decisions will be made.

Mi Bamageifa” (and who will die by plague…):

In just the past 24 hours, I have been inundated with numerous pressing shailos from communities all over regarding COVID-19 exposures. Here are but a few of the quarantine questions that Rabbonim and shul presidents have asked me.

“Our Rosh Hashana chazzan said wearing a mask was too difficult. He davened for the amud without one. He developed symptoms and tested positive the following day…”

“Our Rav gave a drasha on Rosh Hashana without a mask. He turned positive the next day…”

“A Rebbi (who was also a chazzan in a shul) did not wear a mask in his school or shul. He turned positive after Rosh Hashana…”

All wanted to know – does everyone in shul / school class need to quarantine?

Speciously, many people remain unconcerned about their spreading COVID-19 and ruining Yom Kippur and Succos for everyone they come into contact with, as evidenced by the laxity in some communities and some individuals regarding masking and distancing compliance. Based on what?

To remove any doubts about the scientific truths to date, these are the undisputed COVID-19 facts.

Worldwide to date:        Cases: 31,672,300;   Deaths: 972,081

United States to date:   Cases:   6,897,661;   Deaths: 200,818

The U.S. this week has an average of 41,490 new COVID-19 cases daily, up 13% from the average seen two weeks ago. That comes to 13 new cases / 100,000 population. At least 27 states are now reporting increased cases compared to just 9 states on September 14. On average, the U.S. is seeing ~ 770 daily deaths, and a model from the University of Washington predicts the U.S. death toll will double to 400,000 before the end of the year. The U.S. accounts for 4% of the world’s population, but has ~ 20% of the world’s deaths from COVID-19. Dr. Michael T. Osterholm, an excellent reputable senior epidemiologist at the University of Minnesota, stated: “I think we’re just in the beginning of what’s going to be a marked increase in cases in the fall. And it won’t be just a testing artifact, either. This is real.”

Israel: Sadly, acheinu beis Yisroel has been averaging well over 4,000 new cases daily, a rate of 47 new cases / 100,000, a rate 3.5x the U.S. incidence, a rate higher than any other country in the world at this time. Today there were 6,782 cases. Hospitals in Israel are nearing overload, surpassing the safe number of patients that they are able to care for. Hashem yeracheim.

5 Towns: Each one of the 5 Towns falls in the highest new case incidence numbers for Nassau County. Lawrence holds the number one spot in the County for the last 8 weeks, with Cedarhurst 3rd, followed by Great Neck 4th, Woodmere 5th and Hewlett 6th. Inwood is 8th.

Far Rockaway: FR has the distinction, along with 5 other neighborhoods (Midwood, Borough Park, Williamsburg, Kew Gardens and Bensonhurst) of accounting for 20% of all new NYC cases.

How do you think these / our neighborhoods are described in the lay press and by the Department of Health? What type of comments do you think are being made on polite social media, never mind on the dark web and nefarious sites that always besmirch us.

Why is this happening now?

This all “re-started” with the flagrant disregard for scientifically vetted guidelines around weddings and kiddushim, large public gatherings, with many people eating unmasked and in close proximity.

What proof exists, you may ask, that such events indeed cause suffering? Maine public health officials just published a shocking report of an August 7th wedding in Millinocket, Maine. At the wedding, guests ignored social distancing guidelines and mask recommendations. The results: 135 guests got COVID-19, with 7 guests DYING from this wedded bliss exposure. Do you think that young couple will ever be able to look back happily at what should have been one of the most joyous events in their life, knowing that their “simcha” was the cause of so much misery? This wedding is just one in a list of several studied “superspreader” events in the country over the summer. How many more are still to occur?

Do we all have such a short collective memory of what happened Purim and Pesach? Have we forgotten the numerous funerals and shivah calls that we zoomed? Aren’t we “gomlei chassadim”?

How can any person insist on their ‘right’ to not wear a mask when it will potentially cause a fellow person to die? When it might perpetuate a vile chilul Hashem that our community does not follow public health guidelines? How many yeshivas and shuls have to be publicly quarantined before we realize the bittul Torah and bittul tefillah betzibbur that we have caused?

All of this can still be avoided by following the simple – and not so difficult – halachic obligation to mask and social distance. This statement is based on my conversations with numerous poskim from all aspects of the frum community.

Rabbi Axelrod, shlita, will be giving his inaugural Shabbos Shuva drasha this motzei Shabbos, September 26th, at 9:00 PM. He asked me to please still give my COVID-19 update Zoom talk before his shiur, which I will do from 8:15 – 8:45 PM this motzei Shabbos. You can join both sessions via:

Zoom at Meeting ID 980 3243 6809; Password: SUMMER2020;

or by phone: 929 205 6099;

or via YouTube link obtainable from yiwoodmerecovidupdate@gmail.com.

Obviously, there will not be talks motzei Shabbos Succos / Shmini Atzeres, and based upon need, we will see when future talks will be given.

“““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““

A couple of important brief news items worthy of dissemination.

From The NY Times (based upon unpublished research from the Riken Center for Computational Science, a research institute in Kobe, Japan, a city noteworthy for saving many Holocaust refugees and housing Yeshivas in WW II):

Plastic face shields do NOT prevent the spread of microscopic airborne particles created by such activities as talking, singing or sneezing. Such shields do almost nothing to stop the spread of microscopic airborne droplets that are a major vector for spreading the disease. While I have reported that face shields may be somewhat protective for teachers and others wearing them while working with unmasked children, they are almost completely ineffective at protecting others from the wearer’s own droplets, according to Makoto Tsubokura, a professor at Kobe University and the lead researcher on this project.

From Eurosurveillance

A laboratory marker measuring the ability to perform aerobic exercise was lower in military recruits who recovered from symptomatic COVID-19 versus recruits who had not had COVID-19. Decreased pulmonary aerobic capacity was observed in even such young individuals recovered from COVID-19. Long-term effects on lung function have been noted after even mild to moderate influenza infection and appear to be present after COVID-19 as well. Additional research to understand the incidence and long-term consequences is needed.

From JAMA Internal Medicine:

Recombinant human granulocyte colony–stimulating factor given to patients with a very low lymphocyte blood count appeared to prevent progression to severe disease and death in COVID-19 patients. A very preliminary report, but another potential line of therapy.

From the MMWR:

While early in the pandemic, COVID-19 incidence was highest among older adults, this picture has drastically changed and may explain in part the decreased rate of hospitalizations that we are experiencing and allowing for less severe disease presentations. During June – August 2020, COVID-19 incidence was highest in persons aged 20 – 29 years, who accounted for > 20% of all confirmed cases.

Important to remember however is that younger adults do contribute to community transmission of COVID-19. Across the southern United States in June 2020, increases in percentage of positive COVID-19 testing results among adults aged 20–39 years preceded increases among those aged ≥60 years by 4–15 days. What this means is that the next two weeks are very important in determining what the current increased caseload will mean to the ‘at greater risk’ populations. The authors therefore strongly stated that strict adherence to community mitigation strategies and personal preventive behaviors by younger adults is critical to reduce infections and subsequent transmission to persons at higher risk for severe illness.

From the MMWR:

Fortunately, influenza activity is currently low in the United States and globally, although cases have been reported already this season in our region. An important and lifesaving additional benefit from masking was described in this important paper.

Following widespread adoption of community mitigation measures to reduce COVID-19 transmission, the percentage of U.S. respiratory specimens submitted for influenza testing that tested positive decreased from >20% to 2.3% and has remained at historically low levels. Data from Southern Hemisphere countries also indicate little influenza activity. The global decline in influenza virus circulation appears to be real and concurrent with the COVID-19 pandemic and its associated community mitigation measures. However, it remains critically important to get vaccinated against the flu. Influenza vaccination for all persons aged ≥6 months remains the best method for influenza prevention and is especially important this season when COVID-19 and influenza virus will cocirculate.

From the MMWR:

Symptoms associated with COVID-19 infection are Boruch Hashem milder in children compared with adults. However, we should not mistakenly think that all children will have unimportant mild clinical illness. There tragically have been 121 COVID-19 associated deaths among children aged < 21 years reported to the CDC by July 31, 2020. 12 (10%) were infants and 85 (70%) were aged 10–20 years. 33% of the deaths occurred outside of a hospital.

Persons aged < 21 years can unfortunately get very sick from COVID-19. This paper, as well as the Eurosurveillance paper above, illustrate why this disease cannot be taken lightly by anyone.

From the BMJ (not to be confused with the BMG 🙂

Post-acute covid-19 (known colloquially as “Long Covid”) is a poorly understood multisystem disease, sometimes occurring even after a relatively mild acute illness, but more frequently in patients exposed to a higher inoculum of virus and having more severe disease. Clinical management requires a whole-patient perspective, is quite labor intensive, and has only limited benefit at best. At least 10% of people experience prolonged illness after covid-19, with a recent US study finding that 35% of people had not returned to their previous level of health 14 – 21 days after their positive test. While many of these patients recover spontaneously (albeit slowly) with holistic support, rest, symptomatic treatment, and gradual increase in activity, the true long term prognosis of long COVID-19 remain to be determined.

Finally, the CDC just published guidelines for holiday celebrations, albeit not the High Holidays or Succos.  (https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/holidays.html). Their practical advice for secular and non-Jewish holidays are very congruent with what we have discussed many times in this venue. One part masking, one part social distancing and one part hand hygiene, sprinkled with a tremendous amount of decent seichel, will make for one very delicious safe and enjoyable holiday.

In the merit of our masking and thereby doing the bidding of Hashem,

may we all merit a gmar tov and good Shabbos.



 

Chaplaincy Commission Update

From the desk of Rabbi Leonard ( Yehuda ) Blank MS, BCC
Director of Chaplaincy Commission and External Affairs
Rabbinical Alliance of America? Igud HaRabbonim
917-446-2126 rablenblank@gmail.com
September 24th, 2020

I first want to wish all of our readers a Gmar Chasima Tova. This is a busy season, but for all the good reasons. An opportunity to continue to develop a close kesher with the Ribono Shel Olam, Teshuva, Tefila, Utzedaka. Torah, Avoda, Ugemilus Chasadim. These holy days are jammed packed with so many mitzvos, as well as caring for other’s in many different ways. There are many venues for Kiddush H and expressions of Ahavas H, Ahavas Torah, Ahavas Yisrael, and promoting whenever and however achdus amongst Klal Yisrael. Achdus is no easy task. It takes conviction, determination, willingness to find good in others.

Regarding COVID-19 there are still rumbling’s in the air about mask vs no mask especially in public areas. According to the latest news reports, there has been an uptick of cases in various neighborhoods. I am not a medical specialist. I know what my doctor has recommended. Some interesting questions to ponder ,if someone is not symptomatic, has little of no symptoms, but might very well have COVID-19, was in contact with someone who was diagnosed with COVID, was in a location where there are others who have COVID, can the virus still cause medical complications other than just flu like symptoms and will they disapate ? Can such a person infect another ? Are there any concerns to consider? Achdus is also an important component and of course encouraging shalom amongst and between each other and not to have machlokes is of utmost importance. I myself have at times been drawn into discussions by individuals who have their personal views and opinions about COVID 19, the value of wearing the mask ,what type of minyan to be davening in. I not only refused to give my opinion , nor take sides, but encouraged them to speak directly with their own medical specialists or posek.

How often do we hear from individuals of their yichus, or how much they accomplished as compared to others. I wrote in my recent article when asked of Rav Moshe Feinstein ztkl is it possible to attain the same heights of Torah learning and I paraphrased everyone could reach the same potentials of bitachen and emunah. Everyone on his or her level can attain greatness, especially in the eyes of the Aibershta. It is important to feel accomplishment , to feel success even if one reaches certain milestones that compared to another might not seem as worthy or important. Encouragement and conveying enthusiasm to others is also and important facet of chizuk. Often talmidim feel not only intimidated, but failures if they are never given the opportunity of being successful in their own right. The same is for someone who attends a shiur and needs encouragement and support from a caring chavrusa and surely the Rav, if unable to grasp the Gemara being reviewed and with pride. These thoughts are definitely not just for the men folk, but for women as well. My wife Keila Lutza bas Shalom HaKohen A”H for instance was able to impart, imbue and enhance even the smallest steps of accomplishments with her Torah Mate which led to tremendous success. Leading to a wonderful marriage, brought up two sons who are masmidim in every sense of the word in yeshivos bringing much glory to their family.

I would like to share with you a beautiful story about HaGaon HaRav Moshe Feinstein ztkl from the book “ How Sweet is the Light/ Umesuka Hawor” by Rav Shlomo Levenstein. Ticket to the World to Come (pages 231-232).

“Rav Moshe Feinstein was said to have completed the entire Shas 300 times, and the entire Shulchan Aruch with its commentaries 400 times. One of his neighbors was a non- religious Jew who was a boxer by profession. One day, the boxer lost his job. Now unemployed, he had nothing to do but wander around his house throughout the day, utterly bored. The boxer had a son who had become a baal teshuvah, and he asked his son to teach him what he was learning in yeshivah. At first, the young man tried to demur. “Listen, Dad, this is Gemara,” he said. “It’s complicated, and you will have to learn a new language in order to understand it . I don’t think that this is for you.” Nevertheless, his father was adamant, and they began learning together. They soon discovered that over the many years when the boxer had learned a living with his fists, his brain had been left to atrophy. Every line in the Gemara took him days to understand. Week followed week, and month followed month, until finally at the end of an entire year they had managed to complete a page of Gemara. A whole daf of Gemara ! The father wanted to make a siyum, but the son was uncomfortable with the idea. “A siyum is celebrated after you finish an entire volume of Gemara, or even a chapter, but not for a single page,” he said. Again, the father was adamant. “ I finished a page of Gemara, and I want to make a siyum,” he said. Seeing that his father would not be dissuaded, the son
consulted with Rav Moshe Feinstein. To his surprise, Rav Moshe agreed with his father. “Of course you should make a siyum,” the gadol hador told the surprised young man. “ In
fact, I will come as well.” Both the former boxer and his son were overjoyed. Rav Moshe Feinstein was coming to their siyum! They made a festive meal, which was indeed graced by Rav Moshe’s presence…and the next morning, the father did not wake up. He had passed away in his sleep. Rav Moshe delivered a powerful speech at the funeral.” The Gemara says that some people earn their Olam Haba in just one hour,” he asserted. “Similarly, some people earn Olam Haba with just one daf.” This was the outlook of a man who had completed the entire Shas 300 times. In spite of the volume of his own accomplishments, he recognized that what matters in Heaven is not the number of pages that a person learns, but the extent to which he fulfills his potential.” (This book “ How Sweet is the Light by Rav Levenstein is filled with meaningful and inspiring stories of chizuk).

I would like to follow up about how my Rosh Hashanah was. I have been asked, what was it like ? When I returned home the first night , I looked at a picture of my wife and wished her a Leshana Tova _______ and had the same feeling as singing the Friday evening Ashis Chayil. Of course it was not the same as previous years, eating the simanim without her, going to Tashlich , going to and from shul without her. However, that might be so in the physical sense, but spiritually, I felt her presence. I gave this a lot of thought, and actually shared it with a few availim. True, there is a sense of sadness, not being together in the physical sense, but to believe, to know with strong beliefs that our loved ones are for the first major yom tov, such holy days together in Shamayim, in Gan Eiden in Olam Haba together, with their relatives (my relatives also)with so many holy neshamos such as our Patriarchs, our Matriarchs, and so many more,in such a holy place gave me much nechama. How can we not be thankful to the Aibershta for all that He has done for us.

We are mispallel the Aibershta will listen to our tefilos and bless us to have a good and meaningful life for as long as He wills it. To fulfill many mitzvos everyday for years to come
in good health ,happiness, joy and zechusim giving us the strength and abilities that are needed throughout our lives. The answer to all our concerns, issues, and future of this world is of course, without a doubt all dependent on the Aibershta. May we be zoche the geula shelaima, Moshiach tzedkainu with Techias Hamaisim, bemhaira veyaminu amain sela.
Thank you one and all. Sincerely, Yehuda Blank.

PLEASE READ THE ATTACHED FLYERS

 



 

Candle Lighting Times



 

JP Luach Haazinu 5781

The Jewish Press Weekly Luach
by Rav Yaakov Klass

New York City
CANDLE LIGHTING TIME
September 25, 2020 – 7 Tishrei 5781
6:29 p.m. N.Y.C., E.D.T.
 
Sabbath Ends: 7:26 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sabbath Ends Rabbenu Tam: 7:58 NYC E.D.T.
Weekly Reading: Ha’azinu
Weekly Haftara: Shuva Yisrael (Hosea 14:2-10; Joel 2:11-27; Micah 7:18-20)
Daf Yomi: Eruvin 47
Mishna Yomit: Kelim 12:6-7 
Halacha Yomit: Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 196:5-9
Rambam Yomi: Hilchos Gerushin chap. 1-3
Earliest time for Tallis and Tefillin: 5:57 a.m. NYC E.D.T. 
Sunrise: 6:46 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Latest Kerias Shema: 9:46 a.m. NYC E.D.T.
Sunset: 6:47 p.m. NYC E.D.T.
 
During the week between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur we perform the kapparos (atonement) ritual by making a substitute offering to Hashem. This is customarily done with a live chicken, but a live fish may also be used, and one can even give money for charity. The text of the accompanying prayer is found in the Yom Kippur Machzor

This coming Shabbos is commonly referred to either as Shabbos Teshuva due to its unique position during the days of repentance between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, or as Shabbos Shuvah because of the HaftaraShuvah Yisrael” (Hosea 14:2-10; Joel 2:15-27 – some add Michah 7:18-20) which we read on that Sabbath.

We recite the usual Shabbos prayers with all the textual changes and additions for Aseres Yemei Teshuva (HaMelech Hakadosh replaces HaKeil Hakadosh, Zochrenu lechayyim is added, etc.) 

It is traditional for the rabbi to deliver a special Shabbos Shuvah Derasha consisting of Halacha and Aggada matters. 

Sunday Shacharis (Erev Yom Kippur): We recite the Selichos for Erev Yom Kippur, which consist of the shortest Selichos text of the year. We do not say Tachanun. After chatzos (midday, 12:46 p.m. E.D.T. in N.Y.C.) we immerse in the mikveh to ritually purify ourselves. Uniquely this year many will fulfill that mitzvah via 9 kabin in a shower. One must stay under the shower for at least 4 minutes be soaping, . 

It is customary to partake of [a] festive meal[s] on Erev Yom Kippur since it is a positive precept to feast on that day (Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayyim 604:1; see also the Taz ad loc. – quoting Berachos 8b – that one should reduce his Torah learning on that day so that he may fast well on Yom Kippur, and that “one who feasts and drinks on the 9th [of Tishrei] is considered as if he fasted on both the 9th and the 10th of Tishrei”). 

Mincha is the usual weekday tefilla: Ashrei, half-Kaddish and the Shemoneh Esreh; before “Elokai, netzor leshoni me’ra” we insert the Viddui (confessional) whose text is found in the Machzor. 

We are careful to complete the Seuda Mafsekes, the final meal before the fast, while it is yet day in order to add from the mundane to the holy, le’hosif michol al hakodesh (i.e., from the 9th day to the 10th day). 

It is customary to light yahrtzeit candles for the departed souls [of relatives] since we say Yizkor on Yom Kippur.

The beracha for lighting the candles is “Le’hadlik ner shel Yom Hakippurim,” followed by “Shehecheyanu.” 

Kol Nidrei: We arrive at the synagogue early and don both kittel and tallis. (If one dons the tallis before sunset, he recites the blessing “le’his’atef batzitzis.”) 

We remove the Torah scrolls from the Ark and the chazzan, flanked by two of the congregation’s leaders, intones the Kol Nidrei prayer. The chazzan recites the Shehecheyanu, which the congregation says with him in an undertone (except for those who recited the Shehecheyanu at home when lighting the candles). 

Maariv: We follow the text of the Machzor. At Kerias Shema we say “Baruch Shem Kevod Malchuso” aloud (on this day we are likened to the angels who praise Hashem with these words). The chazzan says half-Kaddish and we recite the Shemoneh Esreh. Before “Elokai, netzor leshoni me’ra” we add the Viddui

Following the Shemoneh Esreh the chazzan and congregation chant various Piyyutim and recite the Viddui. We conclude with Avinu Malkenu, Kaddish Tiskabbel, Aleinu, LeDavid Hashem Ori and their respective Kaddish recitals (Nusach Sefarad say LeDavid Mizmor following the Shemoneh Esreh and then continue with Piyyutim as above.) 

When we arise in the morning we perform netilas yadayim by washing our fingers up to the knuckles only. 

Shacharis: We don the kittel and the tallis and say the scheduled tefillos and Korbanos, followed by Kaddish DeRabbanan. We recite Pesukei DeZimra and Nishmas slowly and with concentration. The chazzan who serves as the “Ba’al Shacharis” starts with HaMelech and continues through Yishtabach (Nusach Sefarad add Shir Hama’alos) and half-Kaddish. At Kerias Shema, “Baruch Shem Kevod Malchuso” is again said aloud, like last night. The Shacharis Shemoneh Esreh follows, with the Viddui before “Elokai, netzor leshoni me’ra.” 

In the chazzan’s repetition we respond to Kedusha and say the Piyyutim, Selichos and Viddui. We conclude with Avinu Malkenu and Kaddish Tiskabbel. 

We remove two Sifrei Torah from the Ark. After “Va’yehi binso’a ha’aron” we say the 13 Middos, Ribbono shel Olam, Shema, Echad Elokenu (we conclude the phrase with “Kadosh Ve’nora Shemo”) and Gadlu. 

We read in Parashas Acharei Mos  (Vayikra 16:1-34) and call up 6 aliyos. We place the second scroll next to the first one and the Reader (the ba’al keria) says half-Kaddish. The next aliya is Maftir, which is read from Parashas Pinchas (Bamidbar 29:7-11). The Haftara is from Yeshayahu (57:14-58:14), “Ve’amar solu solu.” The reader of the Haftara concludes with the usual four berachos, and in the last beracha, Al HaTorah, all the references to Yom Kippur are included. This beracha also has a longer conclusion (like the conclusion of the Kedushas Hayom blessing in the Yom Kippur Shemoneh Esreh). 

It is customary in most congregations to schedule an appeal prior to the recital of Yizkor for the departed souls, as the text clearly states, “in the merit that I will give charity.” During the Yizkor service the covered Torah scrolls remain on the Bima. At the conclusion of Yizkor it is customary for the gabbai to recite a prayer on behalf of the rav of the congregation.

We then say Av Harachamim, Ashrei, Yehallelu, etc., and return the Torah scrolls to the Ark. 

Mussaf: The congregation sits silently while the chazzan recites the special prayer “Hineni He’ani” with emotion and trepidation, pleading on behalf of the congregants, “Your people Israel, who have sent me.” The second part of this tefilla,Kel Melech Ne’eman,” is a personal prayer in which the chazzan asks, among other things, that his voice “be sweet … pleasant and strong …” 

The chazzan then recites half-Kaddish and all say the Shemoneh Esreh as found in the Machzor, with the addition of the Viddui

In the chazzan’s repetition we add many Piyyutim and special tefillos, both before Kedusha and after. In the course of some of these prayers the Aron Hakodesh is opened numerous times. The Shemoneh Esreh repetition includes the Avoda (a description of the Yom Kippur Temple service of the Kohen Gadol). Nusach Ashkenaz generally say “Amitz Ko’ach” whereas Nusach Sefarad say “Ata Konanta,” but some Ashkenaz congregations use the “Ata Konanta” text. The Avoda is followed by the confessional. At Retzeh the Kohanim prepare to duchan (their hands having been washed – to the knuckles only – by the Levi’im or, in their absence, by the firstborn). 

The chazzan continues with Kaddish Tiskabbel, which serves as the conclusion of Mussaf. (We do not say Ein Ke’Elokenu or Aleinu at this point – Aleinu having been said before, in the Amida.) 

Mincha: We immediately proceed with “Va’yehi binso’a ha’aron” and remove a Sefer Torah from the Ark. We call three aliyos (Kohen, Levi, Yisrael). It is traditional for the three aliyos to be sold, especially the last one, which serves as Maftir. We read in Parashas Acharei Mos (Vayikra 18:1-30). The Maftir then reads the entire Book of Yonah (1:1-4:11) for the Haftara. He concludes with Birkas HaTorah (we do not say “Al HaTorah” at Mincha).

We return the Sefer Torah to the Ark, the chazzan recites half-Kaddish and all say the Shemoneh Esreh as found in the Machzor, adding the Viddui before “Elokai, netzor leshoni me’ra.” 

In the chazzan’s repetition, Selichos and the confessional are added after Ya’aleh VeYavo. The chazzan then continues with Kedushas Hayom, etc., and at the conclusion recites Avinu Malkenu (with the congregation), followed by Kaddish Tiskabbel

Ne’ilah: We now begin the fifth and final prayer, the intense prayer that is the climax of Yom Kippur – Ne’ilah (lit. “closure”). We say Ashrei and U’va LeTziyyon, and the chazzan recites half-Kaddish. Then all say the Ne’ilah Shemoneh Esreh as found in our Machzor, praying that every request for a good judgment be granted, and substitute every mention of “kesiva” (inscription) with “chasima” (sealing), concluding with an abbreviated confessional. 

During the chazzan’s repetition we recite the 13 Middos numerous times, repeat the abbreviated confessional, and upon concluding we all say Avinu Malkenu

The chazzan, and the congregation after him, says “Shema Yisrael” aloud. This is followed by “Baruch Shem Kevod Malchuso” aloud three times (by the chazzan and then the congregation) and finally “Hashem Hu HaElokim” aloud seven times by the chazzan and then the congregation. 

The chazzan recites Kaddish Tiskabbel until “De’amiran be’alma ve’imru Amen,” and the shofar is blown. Kaddish is then concluded. 

Weekday Maariv: We add Ata Chonantanu. At the conclusion of Maariv, Kaddish Tiskabbel, then Kaddish Yasom, LeDavid Hashem Ori and Kaddish Yasom

If the sky is clear we recite Kiddush Levana

Following Havdala at home and breaking our fast (the fast ends N.Y.C. 7:22 p.m. E.D.T. or later zman 72 minutes 7:54 p.m. NYC E.D.T.) we start with the construction of the sukka.  

Since Tachanun would not be said on most of the days of this month, we do not resume saying Tachanun until the 2nd of Cheshvan.

The following chapters of Tehillim are being recited by many congregations and Yeshivos for our brothers and sisters in Eretz Yisrael: Chapter 83, 130, 142. – Y.K.



 

Divrei Torah Ha’azinu-Yom Kippur

Bluziver Rebbe – Ha’azinu 5780
5780 - Bl_Hazini
 
Dirshu – Ha’azinu 5781
Dirshu - Haazinu 5781
 
Rabbi Ziegler – Ha’azinu 5781
Rabbi Ziegler - Ha'azinu 5781
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Grunblatt 5739
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Grunblatt 5739
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Hecht 5739
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Hecht 5739
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Lipshitz 5715
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Lipshitz 5715
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Pelcovitz 5739
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Pelcovitz 5739
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Rokeach 5771
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Rokeach 5771
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Singer 5739
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Singer 5739
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Turk 5715
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Turk 5715
 
Yom Kippur – Rabbi Weinbach 5739
Yom Kippur - Rabbi Weinbach 5739
 
Liska Rebbe – Shabbos Shuva 5780



 

Upcoming Yahrtzeits 8 Tishrei-15 Tishrei



 

Chief Rabbi David Lau: Yom Kippur During Coronavirus



 

Tosfos Yom Tov: Tishrei 5781

גליון מעדני מלך חודש תשרי תשפ''א


 

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